Present Simple and Present Continuous (in English)

Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple, Past Continuous

This topic is for people with advanced command of English. I will write grammar material in English. If you are confused, just ask me. Hope it will be effective for many people who want to improve their knowledge of English. Just try to understand rules written in English!

Present  Simple

denotes:

1. Habitual or repeated actions in present

2. Universal truth

3. Hobbies, traditions

4. ‘Immediate’  present actions

  • feelings, attitudes
  • sport commentaries, recipes

5. Timetables, schedules (with time)

6.  Past events in summaries with books, stories

7. Future actions in Subordinate clause (of time and conditions)

8. Future actions in offers and suggestions

Present Continuous

 denotes:

1. Actions in progress

  • at the moment of speaking
  • about the moment of speaking

2. Parallel actions (simultaneous)

3. Planned actions

4. Changing and developing situations

5. Actions of frequency (irritations) — emotional colouring

6. Actions in progress in the past with historical events

Времена английского языка в таблице

Past Simple

denotes:

  1. Habitual or repeated actions in the past
  2. Single events in the past
  3. Succession of past events

We use «to be used to» to show that someone has a habit to do something and now he has this habit too. (Привык)

I am used to travelling a lot. 

We «used to + infinitive» to refer to past habits or states (Раньше имел привычку, сейчас нет)

He used to smoke a lot. (he doesn’t smoke anymore) — contrast with present

We use «would» — когда переводим » бывало» (Личностная характеристика)

 

Past Continuous

denotes:

  1. Past actions in progress
  2. Parallel actions (past)
  3. Past  actions of unusual frequency
  4. Reported present time actions
  5. A polite request (I was hoping he would change his mind)

Примеры употребления времён английского языка

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